In the first block of keynote speeches of the central event of Heading to PERUMIN - Bicentennial Edition "Competitive and sustainable proposals for the development of Peru", the speakers and panelists agreed on the need to reach a national consensus.
Max Hernández, technical secretary of the National Agreement, said that in order to build consensus in the country it is important to listen to each other and try to understand the reasons and rationales.
"For this, respect and trust from both sides are necessary, even in a climate of uncertainty. Focus on consensus, as what Heading to PERUMIN seeks to do, is a way of sharing a vision of the future in a process," he said.
Roque Benavides, Chairman of the Board of the Compañía de Minas Buenaventura, emphasized that in Peru it is urgent to avoid confrontations; on the contrary, it is necessary to work towards consensus.
"To achieve consensus the company cannot act alone, it needs the support of the State. Furthermore, it is not a question of saying that such and such a project will or will not go; what we need is dialogue to reach consensus and thus achieve greater well-being for all", he said.
For Rohel Sánchez, former rector of the Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa (UNSA), talking about consensus for sustainable development involves a strategic alliance that must be established between the State, private companies, civil society and academia.
"To achieve consensus, the person must be at the center and this requires transparency and trust. Thus we must achieve a pact for local, regional and national development with a global perspective", he emphasized.
For his part, Augusto Baertl, president of Panoro Minerals, considered that the challenge as a country is not to generate hatred or conflicts; but rather to seek national unity to move Peru forward.
"We just have to perfect the progress made, and not forget that 31 years ago Peru was not a viable country. Now we are what we are thanks to the efforts of 33 million Peruvians", he said.
Meanwhile, for Andrés Barbé, ambassador of Chile, the commitment that mining has is with the community and that the fundamental thing is "sustainability, which implies respect for human rights, labor supply, technology, use of water and digital innovation".
The "Consensus for Sustainable Development" block also saw the participation of Dr. Walter Gutiérrez, Ombudsman, who pointed out that "it is not possible to talk about fundamental rights if there is no economic growth."
In view of this, he proposed to launch a "pact for the development of mining committed to fundamental rights". Along this line, he recalled that in PERUMIN 33 Mining Convention, held in September 2017, was the first time that this initiative was announced.
"Unfortunately due to factors such as Lava Jato and political issues, this pact could not be carried forward; but now we have a new opportunity because mineral prices are on the rise and there is a high consumption of minerals related to technology", he explained.
The Ombudsman also added that it is a myth to say that a significant group in Peru is against mining, since there are about 1,000 active mining units and in the latest report from the Ombudsman's Office, there are 82 conflicts, of which only 10 cases are of opposition, since most are relationship conflicts.